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习题要注意联系的技巧
来源:http://www.lushipeixun.com 发布时间:2018-03-12

我们知道,新高考模式下的历史考题,源于教材、高于教材、以问题为中心、以能力为立意的考查方向在短期内应是不会改变的,而能力是要靠学生自己练出来和悟出来的。在提高解题能力上,首先要精选题目,尤其是精选近几年的经典高考题,然后以一些优秀习题辅之,强化习题训练一定要掌握难度,以中低档题目为主,不能选择难度过深过大的题目。
We know that under the new college entrance examination mode, the historical examination questions, which are derived from textbooks, textbooks, questions centered and capability oriented examinations, should not be changed in the short term. To improve problem-solving ability, we should first select topics, especially select the classic college entrance examination questions in recent years. Then, we should combine some excellent exercises to strengthen exercises training. We must master the difficulty. We should focus on middle and low grade subjects and not be able to choose too difficult subjects.
高考考题蕴含的信息量很大,迷惑性也强,但同时又很规范和科学,练习此类考题可以使学生找到高考的感觉。其次,比照高考题型进行有针对性的强化训练,重视对学生的审题能力和解题能力的培养。
The examination questions in the college entrance examination contain a lot of information, and the puzzling is strong, but at the same time, it is very standard and scientific. To practice this kind of examination questions can make students find the feeling of college entrance examination. Secondly, according to the college entrance examination questions for targeted intensive training, emphasis on training students' ability of analyzing the question and problem solving ability.

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高考题型分客观题(选择题)和主观题,主观题中一定有一个历史小论文题,学生如果想在高考过程中节省时间和提高效率,就需要进行针对性训练来培养审题和解题能力。近年来,高考历史考题都已材料化了,一般来说,材料题的审题方法必须把握一个前提和两个原则:“一个前提”,指的是读懂读透材料(尤其是图表与数据),必须明确其中主要概念,说明主要问题,而后弄清楚图标与数据是怎样展示概念、互相说明问题的。“两个原则”,就是要充分获取和利用有效信息,立足于材料,联系课本。
College entrance examination is divided into objective questions (multiple-choice) and the subjective, subjective questions must have a historical essay, if students want to save time in the examination process and improve the efficiency, the need for targeted training to develop their ability of solving problems and. In recent years, the college entrance examination questions are historical materials, in general, the method of examining material must grasp a premise and two principles: "a prerequisite", refers to read read materials (especially charts and data), to define the main concepts, illustrate the main problems, and then get how is the data show clear icons and concepts, explain each other problems. The "two principles" is to fully acquire and use effective information, based on materials and contact textbooks.
这里的“有效信息”指的是与设问相关的内容,大多是材料的中心或主旨。所谓“立足材料,联系课本”是指应该把材料所关联的内容与课本中的相关知识挂钩,综合运用所学知识和观点去评论和解析。再次,是要重视练后的讲评。
Here the "information" refers to the question and relevant content, mostly is the center of materials or purpose. The so-called "based on materials, contact textbooks" means that we should link the contents of materials and related knowledge in textbooks, and integrate the knowledge and viewpoints to comment and analyze. Again, is to pay attention to practice after commenting.
教师应该重点讲评思路和方法,着重联系规范化答题,从而让学生养成良好的、严谨的学习习惯。由于“艺考生”们在学习习惯方面存在着很多的缺陷,在复习中我们就要加强这方面的培养。训练他们养成规范化答题的习惯,在作答、卷面、布局、层次术语表达等方面进行规范,注意检查落实,从而引导“艺考生”们向规范要分数。后,对学生在练习和测试后的反思、补练和自我调节进行引导。
Teachers should focus on ideas and methods, especially with the standard answer, so that students develop good study habits, rigorous. As the "art candidates" have a lot of defects in their learning habits, we should strengthen the training in the review. They are trained to form standardized answers habits, standardize in answering, curling, layout, hierarchical expression, etc., and pay attention to inspection and implementation, so as to guide "art candidates" to score normalization. Finally, it guides students' reflection, reexercises and self-regulation after practice and test.
学生提高的捷径是反思和自我感悟。在如此短的时间里,我们绝不能依靠题海战术去提高成绩,而需要做好反思和补练,我们建议“艺考生”们对比较典型的题目进行必要的整理和归纳,做到举一反三,归纳同类,找出差异,总结出一般的答题规律,以便于备考前复习翻阅,针对练习中出现的问题及时查漏补缺。
The shortcut for students to improve is reflection and self perception. In such a short period of time, we can not rely on the sea tactical to improve performance, and the need to fill the reflection and practice, we suggest that "art candidates" for the typical topics necessary to collate and summarize the same, giving top priority to do, to find out the differences, summed up the general rules for the answer, pro forma before the review through practice, aiming at the problems in a timely manner to address gaps.
时间紧迫,成事在己。希望“艺考生”在高考历史复习过程中注意复习策略,合理安排,注重基础,讲求方法,取得满意的成绩。
In time, you have. It is hoped that the "art examinee" should pay attention to the strategy, reasonable arrangement, the foundation, the method and the satisfactory results in the course of reviewing the history of the college entrance examination.
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