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高中语文课标古诗文背诵需要哪些方式?
来源:http://www.lushipeixun.com 发布时间:2018-04-27

,要正确对待古诗文背诵。把一件事情做好的前提是要真正的热爱,所以要端正对待背诵这件事情的态度,要把背诵当成是一种乐趣而不是负担,发现蕴含在其中的美。要学会体会古诗文背后的内涵。在看到一篇古诗文的时候,件事不是急着去背诵,而是先要了解其中的内涵。文章的作者是谁,写作背景是什么,作者的写作意图中心思想是什么,运用了什么样的修辞手法,在语言的使用上有什么独特之处。
First, we should recite ancient poetry correctly. The premise of doing a good thing is to really love it, so be correct in the attitude of reciting this thing, to recite the recitation as a pleasure rather than a burden, to find the beauty contained therein. We should learn to understand the connotation behind the ancient poetry. When you see an ancient poem, the first thing is not to hurry to recite, but to understand the meaning. The author of the article is who, what is the background of writing, what is the central idea of the author's intention of writing, and what rhetorical devices are used, and what is unique in the use of language.
第二,注重平时的古诗文积累。语文素养的提高是一个积累的过程,尤其是学习传统文化知识是一个积累的过程。古诗文是每个孩子都要练就的童子功,所以应从小培养孩子对古诗文学习的兴趣,培养孩子阅读背诵古诗文的习惯。
Second, pay attention to the accumulation of ancient poetry and prose. The improvement of Chinese literacy is a process of accumulation, especially learning traditional culture knowledge is a process of accumulation. The ancient poetry is the child of every child to practice, so we should cultivate children's interest in the study of ancient poetry and culture, and cultivate the habit of reading the ancient poetry.
第三,运用科学的背诵方法。在理解了古诗文背后的内涵后,还要学会科学的背诵方法,这样才能达到事半功倍的效果。跟谁学语文负责人给出了以下背诵方法:

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Third, the use of scientific recitation methods. After understanding the connotation behind ancient poetry, we must learn how to recite scientifically so that we can achieve twice the result with half the effort. The following recitation methods were given to those responsible for language learning:
化整为零背诵法:很多时候需要背诵的古诗文的篇幅较长,就适合采用这种背诵方法。化整为零就是逐段的去背诵,分小目标去背诵,先背诵段,等段的内容背诵下来后再背诵下一段的内容,以此类推直到背诵下全文;或者是把文章按内容划分段落,按照大的段落去背。
The method of breaking up the whole into nothing: reciting the ancient poems and texts for a long time, which is suitable for such a recitation method. To recite, recite small targets, recite the first paragraph first, recite the content of the first paragraph and recite the next paragraph, and so on until the full text is recited; or the passage is divided into paragraphs and the large paragraph to the back.
提纲法:在背诵之前,先明白文章的写作思路,理清楚文章的框架,提炼出段落的关键词,然后再根据关键词的提示去背诵。因为古诗文特殊的写作特点,还可以根据文章使用的修辞手法进行背诵。这样就会加快背诵的速度,提高背诵的效率。
Outline method: before reciting, first understand the writing idea of the article, clear the frame of the article, extract the key words of the paragraph, and then recite it according to the key of the key words. Because of the special writing characteristics of ancient poetry, it can also be recited according to the rhetorical devices used in the article. This will speed up recitation and improve the efficiency of recitation.
限时背诵法:给自己定一个背诵的目标,规定一个背诵的时间,计划好在规定的时间内要完成什么样的背诵任务。在背诵的时候稍微给自己施加一些压力,可以更加集中注意力,提高背诵效率。
Time limited recitation method: set a recitation goal for yourself, stipulate a recitation time, and plan what kind of recitation task to complete in the specified time. When I recite, I put a little pressure on myself to concentrate more attention and improve recitation efficiency.
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