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艺术类文明课高考培训知识点
来源:http://www.lushipeixun.com 发布时间:2018-12-12

艺术类文明课高考培训知识点
Knowledge Points of College Entrance Examination Training for Art Civilization Course
艺术生考生作爲一个特殊的高考群体,在整个高考进程中要想成功考取艺术生高校,必需翻过两座山,一是专业考试,二是文明课考试,由于艺术生考生的专业学习牵扯了很大一局部精神,形成他们日常文明课学习欠账较多,偏科严重。不少考生由于文明课成果不佳与艺术梦想失之交臂。
Art candidates as a special group of college entrance examination, in order to succeed in the whole process of college entrance examination for art students, it is necessary to cross two mountains, one is the professional examination, the other is the civilized course examination, because the professional learning of art candidates involves a large part of the spirit, forming their daily civilized lesson learning debt is more serious. Many candidates missed out on their artistic dreams because of the poor results of civilized lessons.
(一)比喻与比较的性质不同、作用不同.比喻是用与本体事物有类似点的另一事物作比‘也就是打比如;一定得有类似点,经过类似点使本体同喻体联络起来,唤起人们的联想,使人更详细地惑知事物。比较即模仿,它是用乙事物具有的特性(包括称渭、举措、行爲等)写甲事物,或许说是把乙事物的特性“强加于甲事物。乙事物—般是有生命力的,能活动,有感情的;它比甲事物详细真实,于是原本较笼统、不太真实的事物变得详细真实了,当然就增添了言语的生动性。由此可见,比喻强调的是甲乙两物的类似性,而比较却是应用它们之间的不同特性,使两体融爲一体,这是区别比喻和比较*重要的标志。
(1) The nature and function of metaphor and comparison are different. Metaphor is to compare another thing that has similarities with the noumenon, that is to say, playing for example; there must be similarities. Through similarities, noumenon can be linked with the noumenon, arousing people's associations and confusing people in more detail. Comparisons are imitations, which use the characteristics of things B (including Weiwei, measures, actions, etc.) to write things A, or perhaps to impose the characteristics of things B on things A. Things B are generally living, active and emotional; they are more detailed and real than things A, so things that are more general and unreal become more detailed and real, and of course, add to the vividness of language. It can be seen that metaphor emphasizes the similarity between A and B, while comparison is the application of their different characteristics to integrate the two, which is an important symbol of distinguishing metaphor and comparison.

济南文化课补习辅导
(二)比喻与比较的句式构造不同。比喻句由本体、喻体和喻词三局部组成。借喻虽然不呈现喻词和本体,但可以变换爲有喻词和本体的明喻、暗喻。不论是哪一种比喻,一直都有喻体;比较句次要是借助想象,将本体模仿爲人的或物的某种行爲、举措或神态,不管是拟人,还是拟物,一直都无拟体。例如“东西长安街成了喧腾的大海”(袁鹰《十月长安街》)。这是暗喻、由本体(长安街)、喻体(大海)、喻词(成)构成,又如“我们之闻曾经隔了一层可悲的厚障壁了”(鲁迅(故土))。这是借蝓,借“厚障壁”比喻“我”与闰土之间构成的隔膜。它把本体和喻词都隐去了,只用喻体替代本体。另如“波浪一边歌唱一边冲向地面去迎接那雷声”(高尔基《海燕》)。这却是拟人句,将“波浪”当作人描写,赋予它一些人的举措和思想感情。
(2) The sentence structure of metaphor and comparison is different. Metaphoric sentences are composed of noumenon, body and word. Although metonymy does not present metaphors and noumenons, it can be transformed into metaphors and metaphors of metaphors and noumenons. No matter what kind of metaphor, there has always been a body of speech; comparative sentences mainly use imagination to imitate the noumenon as a human or a thing's behavior, action or manner, whether it is personification or imitation, there has always been no body of speech. For example, "East and West Chang'an Street has become a noisy sea" (Yuan Ying's October Chang'an Street). This is a metaphor, consisting of the noumenon (Chang'an Street), the metaphor body (sea), and the metaphor word (Cheng). It is also like "our story has been separated by a sad thick barrier" (Lu Xun (native place). This is to borrow the slug and the thick barrier to describe the diaphragm between "I" and intercalated earth. It conceals both the noumenon and the figurative words, and only replaces the noumenon with the figurative body. Another example is "the waves rush to the ground to greet the thunder while singing" (Gorky's Swallow). This is an anthropomorphic sentence, describing "wave" as a person, giving it some people's actions, thoughts and feelings.
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