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高考语文作文点题的写作经验介绍
来源:http://www.lushipeixun.com 发布时间:2018-05-28

1.标题点题。
1. Title points.
拟写的标题切合题意,让阅卷老师一眼就能知道文章的主旨。像《别让孩子成为时尚的受害者》(09江苏)《成败皆因常识》(09广东)《选择适合自己的路》(09河北)《三月陌上花自开》(08山东)《心中的乡情不会随时间风化》(07山东)等无不是紧扣题意的精彩妙题。
The title to be written will fit the meaning of the paper, so that the marking teacher will know the main idea of the article at a glance. Like "do not let the child become the victim of fashion" (09 Jiangsu) "success or failure because of common sense" (09 Guangdong) "the choice of the road to their own" (09 Hebei) "March stranger flowers self" (08 Shandong), "the heart of the country will not be weathered with time" (07 Shandong) and other wonderful wonderful questions.
如果标题看起来与题意关系不大,赶快补救。如2005年四川满分作文《乌云晴日上,清流暗礁藏——忘记与铭记》,就采用了副标题的形式,点明了题意,不会让阅卷老师因费解引发反感。
If the title does not seem to have much to do with the topic, please redress it quickly. For example, in 2005, the Sichuan full mark, "on the day of Wu Yun clear, the Hidden Reef hiding - forget and remember", used the form of subtitle, lit up the meaning, and did not let the reading teacher repugnant because of the puzzling.
2.首尾点题。
2. at the end of the question.
开篇(包括题记)便点明题义,卒章显“题”。
The opening part (including the inscription) points out the meaning of the title, and the chapter shows the title.
把点题的句子放在醒目的位置。如果是前面的内容很少提到话题甚至有偏题的嫌疑,那后的亡羊补“题”就显得更为重要了。高考高分作文往往都是很重视首尾点题的。例如2009年四川某考生的《熟悉》的开头和结尾:
Put the sentence in an eye - catching position. If the contents of the preceding paragraph rarely mention the topic or even the suspicion of a biased topic, then the final "goat" problem becomes even more important. High scores in college entrance examination often focus on the end. For example, the beginning and end of familiarity of an examinee in Sichuan in 2009:
(开头)生活如美人的脸,总是半遮半掩。没有人生来就对生活熟悉。我们在生活的小路上对事物总是由不熟悉继而变为熟悉。人们常说,熟能生巧,我们就应该只掌握熟悉的,放弃一切新的事物而止步不前?

山东高考百日冲刺
(first) life like a beautiful face is always half hidden. Life is familiar to life without life. We are always unfamiliar with things on the path of life and become familiar. It is often said that practice makes perfect. We should only master familiar things and abandon all new things.
(结尾)没有人一生下来就对生活熟悉。渐渐地,我们所熟悉的事物越来越多。此时,不妨放下熟悉的事情,去挑战新的事物,让自己的人生不在熟悉而无味中度过,而描绘出自己不一样的多彩人生!
(at the end) no one is familiar with life without a lifetime. Gradually, there are more and more things we are familiar with. At this time, you may as well put down the familiar things, to challenge new things, let your life are not in the familiar and tasteless, and depict their different colorful life!
3.中间醒目处点题
3. in the middle of the eye
首尾点题固然很重要,但我们也不能把中间的主体段落给忘了。在中间的关键处、醒目处适当地来上几个点题的句子,常常可起到提纲挈领、突出主旨的作用,同时也是在不断提醒阅卷老师,我是紧扣话题作文的。这应该是醒目的点题方式。
The first and last questions are very important, but we can not forget the main paragraphs in the middle. In the middle of the key, the eye to the eyes of the appropriate number of points on the sentence, often play an outline, highlight the purpose of the role, but also constantly reminding the reading teacher, I was closely linked to the topic of composition. This should be the most awakened theme.
①运用主旨句点题。
(1) the use of theme sentences.
这些主旨句可以领起全段,也可以用独立成段的形式表达。例如2009年湖南某考生《踮起脚尖》在文章的中间部分采用了三个主旨句“踮起脚尖,感受大自然的美丽”“踮起脚尖,谱写人间的真爱”“踮起脚尖,成就完的美人生”“踮起脚尖,就更靠近阳光”点题,收到了题义凸显、引领全篇、脉络清晰、层次分明的效果。
These keynote sentences can lead the whole paragraph, and can also be expressed in the form of independent paragraphs. For example, in 2009, an examinee in Hunan, "tiptoes", used three main points in the middle part of the article, "tiptoes, feel the beauty of nature" "tiptoe, write the true love of the world" "tiptoe, the success of the beauty" "tiptoe, closer to the sun" points, received the meaning of the theme
使用小标题点题,既能彰显文意,又使得文章结构清晰,让人一目了然,给人好感。例如2008年四川考生优秀作文《挺立前行》采用了“司马迁·不屈”“朱元璋·奋进”“康熙·勇敢”三个小标题,既有力地诠释了话题,又引领下文,纲举目张,一箭双雕。
The use of subtitle can not only highlight the meaning of the text, but also make the structure clear and clear. For example, in 2008, the excellent composition of the Sichuan examinee "stand up" adopted the three small headlines, "Sima Qian unyielding", "Zhu Yuanzhang endeavor" and "Kangxi bravery", which not only forcefully interpreted the topic, but also led the following, outline, and double carving.
③点题句分析论据。
(3) the analysis of the point question sentence.
议论文中,叙述完事例论据后,如果能紧扣话题进行适当地分析议论,既能避免罗列事例、文体不清的毛病,又能起到画龙点睛、突出中心的作用。如03年广东省高考一号标文《情与理的抉择》,在简单叙述完郑培民的事例后,紧接着来了几句议论分析,“感情亲疏,并没影响郑培民清醒认识到自己是人民的公仆,他没有因为个人利益而抛弃为人民服务的宗旨,依旧踏实勤恳、无私奉献。他们父子的这种高洁情操,在当今社会实属难得”,只短短两句话,可它把事例与话题紧紧连在一起了。
In the argumentation, after describing the case argument, if we can analyze the argument properly, it can not only avoid the mistake of listing the cases and the style, but also play the role of the focus and the center. For example, after 03 years of the 03 year national entrance examination of the national college entrance examination "the choice of emotion and reason", after a brief account of Zheng Peimin's case, a few remarks were followed. "Feelings are close to each other." Zheng Peimin has no influence on his consciousness that he is the public servant of the people. He has not abandoned the purpose of serving the people because of his personal interests. Sincere and selfless dedication. Gao Jie's sentiments of their father and son are very rare in today's society. They are only a few words, but they are closely linked with the topic.

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