The first magic weapon: prepare well before class
Preview before class, have a certain understanding of the course to be learned, find their own weak link, in class can have a focus, if do not do a good job in pre class preview, on the new class will have a lot of heart, not to the point. The teacher irrigates, oneself swallows, passive, eats but not melts. On the contrary, if we do a good job of preview before class, we can not only cultivate the ability of self-study, but also master the initiative of learning. If you know what problems you don't understand, you should focus on which or several problems to solve. If you have a preliminary understanding of the new textbook, you can concentrate on dealing with the key points of the new lesson and the difficulties that you can't understand, cooperate with the teacher in teaching, and timely digest new knowledge and master new skills.
The second magic weapon: listening carefully in class
Class is a very important link for students to acquire knowledge and answer questions. If the students according to the above requirements to do a good preview, can be more attentive to class. "Lack of knowledge after learning", often at this time students' attention is highly concentrated, the brain is in a state of extreme excitement, can more actively and flexibly accept the new knowledge instilled by the teacher. You will also have a new cognition and multi angle thinking on the knowledge that you have known before. I don't know much about the knowledge before, follow the teacher's explanation will be easily solved.
First, with the main problems to be solved in the new lesson and the problems and words that can not be understood in the self-study before class, listen carefully and do experiments purposefully. Always keep a high concentration of attention, careful observation, positive thinking, strive to digest the learning content of the class.
Second, compare the understanding of the new textbook obtained from the preview before class with the teacher's explanation, deepen the understanding and memory of the new textbook, and correct the mistakes in the original understanding. At the same time, the ability to think from multiple perspectives is formed.
Third: do a good job in class notes, "a good head is better than a rotten pen". Memory is limited by time. New knowledge can be accepted quickly and forgotten quickly. Learning should review the old and learn the new. When reviewing, notes will play a very important auxiliary role.
Fourth: in the process of class to actively ask questions, and the classroom did not have the opportunity to solve the problem, with notes down, in order to solve after class. If you don't understand the problem, try not to spend the night, otherwise it is easy to accumulate more.
The third magic weapon: review in time after class
Ebbinghaus, a famous psychologist, has found that people can only keep 44% of their new knowledge after one hour, 28% after two days and 25% after six days. These data show that after learning knowledge, forgetting is very fast. After a long time, although the amount of memory retention decreases, the speed of forgetting slows down. The law of forgetting is: first fast then slow, first more then less. Therefore, the new knowledge learned in the classroom on that day, in addition to the new knowledge learned in the class, should be reviewed in time after class. Just learned knowledge forgets fast and much, so the frequency of review is relatively more, the interval time is also relatively short, that is to say, we should often review, with the deepening of memory consolidation degree, the interval time of each review can be longer and longer, to a certain time, knowledge can be firmly remembered, no review will not forget.
The fourth magic weapon: making a scientific study plan
The ancients said: "everything is pre established, not prepared will be abandoned." Learning plan is the guarantee of the realization of learning objectives. Scientific learning plan can achieve twice the result with half the effort. First of all, at the beginning of each semester, you should customize a macro learning plan according to your own learning foundation. In the process of gradual implementation, timely adjustment should be made if there are problems. In this way, there will be a clear context and know how to allocate your time reasonably. The end leaves of twigs below can be adjusted slightly. The macro learning plan can be generally divided into the following three aspects:
First: the whole semester's learning objectives, learning requirements, learning progress, learning time arrangement.
Second, the purpose, requirements and time arrangement of each subject. Special attention should be paid to the time arrangement of Chinese, mathematics and foreign language. Learning these three subjects well is the foundation of learning other subjects. We should focus on learning, but we can't avoid the heavy ones, which will lead to partial subjects.
The fifth magic weapon: reasonable coordination of "five to" strategy
When learning, we should achieve "five to" namely: eye to, hand to, mouth to, ear to, heart to. In particular, the most important thing is that the efficiency of memory will be greatly improved through the whole-body investment, the cooperation of multiple organs and mutual perception of information. Some studies have shown that only 20% of knowledge can be obtained by watching, 15% by listening and 10% by taking notes. 50% of the new knowledge can be obtained if the eyes, ears, handwriting and brain thinking are used at the same time. Therefore, the "five to" is the key to improve the learning efficiency and enhance the memory ability. We must form the habit of devoting ourselves to learning.
Sixth magic weapon: summarize regularly
Regular systematic summary is an important link for students to master knowledge comprehensively, systematically, profoundly and firmly and develop their cognitive ability through active independent thinking. In addition to the points mentioned above for timely review after class, the following points should be paid attention to:
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