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掌握学习法宝,轻松做好习题
来源:http://www.lushipeixun.com 发布时间:2020-09-15

第一法宝:课前做好预习
The first magic weapon: prepare well before class
课前预习,对即将学习的课程有了一定的了解,找到自己的薄弱环节,在上课的时候就可以有个侧重点,如果不搞好课前预习,上新课时就会心中无数,不得要领。老师灌,自己吞,消极被动,食而不化。反之,如果做好了课前预习,不仅可以培养自学能力,而且可以掌握学习的主动权。知道自己有哪些问题弄不懂,主要精力应集中在解决哪个或哪几个问题上。对新教材有个初步的了解,就可以集中精力对付新课的重点和自己理不懂的难点,配合老师授课,及时消化新知识和掌握新技能。
Preview before class, have a certain understanding of the course to be learned, find their own weak link, in class can have a focus, if do not do a good job in pre class preview, on the new class will have a lot of heart, not to the point. The teacher irrigates, oneself swallows, passive, eats but not melts. On the contrary, if we do a good job of preview before class, we can not only cultivate the ability of self-study, but also master the initiative of learning. If you know what problems you don't understand, you should focus on which or several problems to solve. If you have a preliminary understanding of the new textbook, you can concentrate on dealing with the key points of the new lesson and the difficulties that you can't understand, cooperate with the teacher in teaching, and timely digest new knowledge and master new skills.
第二法宝:课堂认真听课
The second magic weapon: listening carefully in class
上课是学生获得知识,答疑解惑的相当重要的一个环节。同学们要是按照上面要求做好课前预习,就能更专心地上课。“学而后知不足”,往往这时学生的注意力高度集中,大脑处于极度兴奋状态,能更为主动和灵活地接受老师灌输的新知识。 对自己之前已经了解的知识,也会有一个全新的认知,多角度思维。对之前不太了解的知识,跟随着老师的讲解也会迎刃而解。
Class is a very important link for students to acquire knowledge and answer questions. If the students according to the above requirements to do a good preview, can be more attentive to class. "Lack of knowledge after learning", often at this time students' attention is highly concentrated, the brain is in a state of extreme excitement, can more actively and flexibly accept the new knowledge instilled by the teacher. You will also have a new cognition and multi angle thinking on the knowledge that you have known before. I don't know much about the knowledge before, follow the teacher's explanation will be easily solved.
基本要点:
Basic points:
第一:带着新课要解决的主要问题和在课前自学中弄不懂的问题与词语,有目的地认真听讲和做实验。始终保持高度集中的注意力,认真观察,积极思维,力争把当堂课的学习内容当堂消化。
First, with the main problems to be solved in the new lesson and the problems and words that can not be understood in the self-study before class, listen carefully and do experiments purposefully. Always keep a high concentration of attention, careful observation, positive thinking, strive to digest the learning content of the class.

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第二:将自己通过课前预习而获得的对新教材的理解与老师的讲解加以比较,加深对新教材的理解和记忆,纠正原先自己理解上的错误。同时形成多角度思考的能力。
Second, compare the understanding of the new textbook obtained from the preview before class with the teacher's explanation, deepen the understanding and memory of the new textbook, and correct the mistakes in the original understanding. At the same time, the ability to think from multiple perspectives is formed.
第三:认真做好课堂笔记,“好脑袋不如烂笔头”记忆力是有时间限制的,新知识接受的快,遗忘的也快,学习要温故知新,复习的时候笔记会起到很重要的辅助作用。
Third: do a good job in class notes, "a good head is better than a rotten pen". Memory is limited by time. New knowledge can be accepted quickly and forgotten quickly. Learning should review the old and learn the new. When reviewing, notes will play a very important auxiliary role.
第四:在上课过程中要积极提问,并将课堂上没有机会得到解决的问题,用笔记下来,以便课后解决。不懂的问题尽量不要过夜,不然容易积少成多。
Fourth: in the process of class to actively ask questions, and the classroom did not have the opportunity to solve the problem, with notes down, in order to solve after class. If you don't understand the problem, try not to spend the night, otherwise it is easy to accumulate more.
第三法宝:课后及时复习
The third magic weapon: review in time after class
著名心理学家艾宾浩斯对遗忘现象研究发现,人们对学到的新知识,一小时后只能保持44%,两天后只留下28%,6天后只剩下25%。这些数据表明,知识刚学过之后,遗忘特别快,经过较长时间以后,虽然记忆保留的量减少了,但遗忘的速度却放慢了。即遗忘的规律是:先快后慢,先多后少。因此,当天课堂上学过的新知识,除了该堂课上学过的新知识,当天课后还要及时再复习。刚学过的知识遗忘得又快又多,所以复习的次数相对要多一些,间隔的时间也相对要短一些,即是说要经常复习,随着记忆巩固程度的加深,每次复习的间隔时间也可越来越长,到了一定的时候,知识就能牢固记忆,不复习也不会忘记了。
Ebbinghaus, a famous psychologist, has found that people can only keep 44% of their new knowledge after one hour, 28% after two days and 25% after six days. These data show that after learning knowledge, forgetting is very fast. After a long time, although the amount of memory retention decreases, the speed of forgetting slows down. The law of forgetting is: first fast then slow, first more then less. Therefore, the new knowledge learned in the classroom on that day, in addition to the new knowledge learned in the class, should be reviewed in time after class. Just learned knowledge forgets fast and much, so the frequency of review is relatively more, the interval time is also relatively short, that is to say, we should often review, with the deepening of memory consolidation degree, the interval time of each review can be longer and longer, to a certain time, knowledge can be firmly remembered, no review will not forget.
第四法宝:制定科学的学习计划
The fourth magic weapon: making a scientific study plan
古人云:“凡事预则立,不预则废。”学习计划是学习目标实现的保证,科学的学习计划能起到事半功倍的作用。首先,每学期伊始,要根据自己的学习基础给自己定制一个宏观的学习计划。在逐步实施的过程中如果有问题再做适时的调节。这样大致会有一个清晰的脉络,知道自己应该如何合理的调配自己的时间。下面的细枝末叶可以稍作调整。宏观的学习 计划一般可以分为以下三个方面:
The ancients said: "everything is pre established, not prepared will be abandoned." Learning plan is the guarantee of the realization of learning objectives. Scientific learning plan can achieve twice the result with half the effort. First of all, at the beginning of each semester, you should customize a macro learning plan according to your own learning foundation. In the process of gradual implementation, timely adjustment should be made if there are problems. In this way, there will be a clear context and know how to allocate your time reasonably. The end leaves of twigs below can be adjusted slightly. The macro learning plan can be generally divided into the following three aspects:
第一:整个学期的学习目的、学习要求、学习进度、学习时间的安排。
First: the whole semester's learning objectives, learning requirements, learning progress, learning time arrangement.
第二:各科学习的目的、要求和时间安排。特别要重视语文、数学、外语这三科主修科目的时间安排,学好这三门学科,是学好其他各门学科的基础。学习要有重点,但不能避重就轻,造成偏科。
Second, the purpose, requirements and time arrangement of each subject. Special attention should be paid to the time arrangement of Chinese, mathematics and foreign language. Learning these three subjects well is the foundation of learning other subjects. We should focus on learning, but we can't avoid the heavy ones, which will lead to partial subjects.
第五法宝:“五到”策略的合理配合
The fifth magic weapon: reasonable coordination of "five to" strategy
学习时要做到“五到”即:眼到、手到、口到、耳到、心到。尤其以心到最为重要,通过全身心的投入,多器官相互配合和相互感知信息,记忆的效率才会大幅度提高。有研究表明,光看只能获取知识的20%,光听只能获得知识的15%,光记笔记只能获得知识的10%。如果眼看、耳听、手写、脑思同时并用,则可获取新知识的50%,所以“五到”是提高学习效率、增强记忆能力的关键所在,一定要养成全身心投入学习的习惯。
When learning, we should achieve "five to" namely: eye to, hand to, mouth to, ear to, heart to. In particular, the most important thing is that the efficiency of memory will be greatly improved through the whole-body investment, the cooperation of multiple organs and mutual perception of information. Some studies have shown that only 20% of knowledge can be obtained by watching, 15% by listening and 10% by taking notes. 50% of the new knowledge can be obtained if the eyes, ears, handwriting and brain thinking are used at the same time. Therefore, the "five to" is the key to improve the learning efficiency and enhance the memory ability. We must form the habit of devoting ourselves to learning.
第六法宝:定期进行总结
Sixth magic weapon: summarize regularly
定期的系统总结是学生通过积极的独立思考,达到全面、系统、深刻、牢固地掌握知识和发展认识能力的重要环节。做好系统小结的基本要点,除前面所述做好课后及时复习的要点适用于本环节外,还必须注意以下几点:
Regular systematic summary is an important link for students to master knowledge comprehensively, systematically, profoundly and firmly and develop their cognitive ability through active independent thinking. In addition to the points mentioned above for timely review after class, the following points should be paid attention to:
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Thank you for reading. This article is from Shandong one-on-one tutoring. For more information and questions, please click: https://www.lushipeixun.com  We will continue to work hard to provide services for you, thank you

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