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高考生冲刺文化课要注意哪些事项?
来源:http://www.lushipeixun.com 发布时间:2020-08-07

1、调整好成败观
1. Adjust the concept of success or failure
家长和考生都要确立一个平和的心理状态应考。一次成败都不是人生最后的定局,人生的路十分漫长。考试只是一种检验教与学效果的手段,不能只以分数判定自己是否有发展前途,要克服一卷定终身的观念,成材的渠道非常广泛。
Parents and examinees should establish a peaceful psychological state. Success or failure is not the final conclusion of life. The road of life is very long. Examination is only a means to test the effect of teaching and learning. We can't judge whether we have a future by scores. To overcome the idea of "one volume determines one's life", there are many ways to become useful.
现在已进入一个终生教育时代,一次失败可以再考。比别人晚一年或两年上大学不会有多大损失,对于一生不会有很大影响。
Now we have entered an era of life-long education. Once we fail, we can test again. Going to college one or two years later than others won't cost much, and it won't have a big impact on your life.
2、调节好生物钟
2. Adjust the biological clock
考前开夜车不是应考的好办法,更不可以服用安眠药来保证睡眠,因为服了“安定”后白天也会昏昏沉沉,思维能力降低,会影响水平的发挥。考生和家长没必要过分关注睡眠,今天缺觉明天补上就可以了,至于深睡眠还是浅睡眠,也不必过多地放在心上。重要的是调节好考前生物钟,保证有一套适合自己的生活规律。每天尽量要在11点之前休息。考试前一天的晚上,也请不要提前睡觉,因为违反了生物钟反而会睡不好。
It is not a good way to take an exam to stay up all night before the exam. What's more, sleeping pills can not be taken to ensure sleep, because after taking "diazepam", the daytime will be drowsy, and the ability of thinking will be reduced, which will affect the level of play. Candidates and parents do not need to pay too much attention to sleep, today's lack of sleep can be made up tomorrow, as for deep sleep or light sleep, do not need to put too much in mind. It is important to adjust the biological clock before the examination to ensure that there is a set of life rules suitable for them. Try to rest before 11 o'clock every day. On the night before the exam, please don't go to bed in advance, because it violates the biological clock and will not sleep well.
3、考前适当为考生减压
3. Reduce pressure for candidates before examination
学习中要做到劳逸结合,才能收到事半功倍的效果。应考阶段,适当进行一些体育锻炼,比如散步,有利于大脑的休息,提高心理素质。早晨若睡不着觉,也可以起床适当地跳跳绳、踢踢毽、跑跑步、骑骑车等,无论做什么运动,都要挺胸抬头、精神抖擞,显得非常自信,可以获得一天的好心情。切记不要剧烈锻炼,以免体力消耗过大,身心疲惫。适当听听轻音乐,缓解一下紧张的情绪,也是很好的减压方法。
Only by combining work with rest can we get twice the result with half the effort. During the examination period, some physical exercises, such as walking, are beneficial to the rest of the brain and the improvement of psychological quality. If you can't sleep in the morning, you can also get up and jump rope, kick shuttlecock, run, ride a bicycle, etc. no matter what kind of sports you do, you should keep your chest up and look energetic. You can get a good mood of the day. Remember not to do strenuous exercise, in order to avoid physical exhaustion, physical and mental fatigue. Appropriate listening to light music, ease the tension of the mood, is also a good way to reduce pressure.
如果考生过分焦虑或抑郁,以及强迫症影响到正常的学习和生活了,家长应及时与考生到心理医生那里进行咨询,及时矫正不健康的心理障碍,以便轻装上阵。

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If the examinee is too anxious or depressed, and obsessive-compulsive disorder affects normal study and life, parents should consult with the examinee in time to correct unhealthy psychological disorders, so as to go to battle with light clothes.
4、创造舒适的环境
4. Create a comfortable environment
一个安静、舒适的环境有利于集中精力搞好复习。家长要尽量帮助或敦促考生保持良好的学习环境,经常通风,保持室内空气的流通与新鲜;控制好室内光线、色调的配合,减少噪音干扰。每个人都有自己的最佳学习时间,及时了解自己的智力周期,在考试来临时调整到最佳状态,有利于水平的发挥。心理学界有一个普遍的共识,就是人一天的最佳记忆时间,为早上5点---7点,晚上7点---9点,充分利用好这两个时段,解决需要记忆的东西,可以起到事半功倍的效果。中午一定要午睡,午睡以30分钟为宜,这样既能使大脑休息,又能很快清醒。
A quiet, comfortable environment is conducive to concentrate on good review. Parents should try their best to help or urge candidates to maintain a good learning environment, frequent ventilation, keep indoor air circulation and fresh; control the indoor light, color coordination, reduce noise interference. Everyone has his own best learning time, timely understand his intellectual cycle, adjust to the best state when the exam comes, which is conducive to the play of the level. There is a general consensus in the field of psychology that the best memory time of a day is 5:00-7:00 in the morning and 7:00-9:00 in the evening. Making full use of these two periods and solving the things that need to be remembered can achieve twice the result with half the effort. Noon must nap, nap to 30 minutes is appropriate, this can make the brain rest, and can quickly wake up.
5、不良情绪要发泄
5. Bad emotions should be vented
有条件的考生每晚睡前最好洗个热水澡,一则可以消除疲劳,二则人的身体泡在温热的水中,是最放松的状态,有一种安全和温暖的感觉,可以净化心灵,更有助于睡眠,有利于第二天的学习。在心情郁闷的时候要找人倾诉、聊天。要找能理解你的又能给予你指导的乐观之人,说出你内心的焦虑与烦躁,合理地宣泄一下自己的不良情绪,给自己的心理来一个清扫。适当的娱乐也可以舒缓情绪、陶冶性情,有利于人保持良好的心境。
Conditional examinees had better take a hot bath before going to bed every night. On one hand, it can eliminate fatigue; on the other hand, one person's body is immersed in warm water, which is the most relaxed state. It has a sense of security and warmth, which can purify the mind, help sleep, and is conducive to learning the next day. When you are depressed, talk to someone. To find an optimistic person who can understand you and give you guidance, say your inner anxiety and irritability, reasonably vent your bad emotions, and clean up your own psychology. Proper entertainment can also ease emotions, cultivate temperament, and help people to maintain a good mood.
6、打造健康体魄
6. Build a healthy body
身体状况与精神状态是相互影响的,健康的体魄可以有效地承受一定的心理负荷,比如焦虑情绪。适当补充一些优质的蛋白质食品,如鸡蛋、瘦肉、肝、牛奶和豆制品等,有条件的家庭可以为孩子补充一些天然营养品,能有效地缓解疲劳,改善过度焦虑,缓解压力。
Physical condition and mental state affect each other. A healthy body can effectively bear certain psychological load, such as anxiety. Appropriate supplement of some high-quality protein food, such as eggs, lean meat, liver, milk and bean products, etc. families with conditions can supplement some natural nutrients for children, which can effectively relieve fatigue, improve excessive anxiety and relieve pressure.
7、学会积极心理暗示
7. Learn positive psychological cues
考生要运用积极的自我心理暗示,尽量避免消极的心理暗示。比如“我已经做好了充分的准备。我这一次一定可以!”而不要说:“我不要紧张,我不能紧张。”后者就是消极暗示。
Examinees should use positive self psychological suggestion and try to avoid negative psychological suggestion. For example, "I'm ready. I can do it this time! "Instead of saying," I don't have to be nervous. I can't be nervous. " The latter is negative suggestion.
考前家长考生都忌说泄气话。父母在临近考试时要尽量和平时一样,不要使家庭气氛紧张。要尽量说些积极的话,不要说“考不上”、“来不及了”等泄气话,要用积极的语言使考生形成积极的自我实现的暗示。不要总和考生谈论考试,这样的气氛反而会增加考生的紧张情绪。
Before the examination, parents and examinees should not say discouraged words. Parents should try to be the same as usual when they are near the exam, and don't make the family atmosphere tense. To try to say some positive words, do not say "failed", "too late" and other vent words, to use positive language to make candidates form a positive self realization hint. Don't always talk about the exam with the examinee. This kind of atmosphere will increase the tension of the examinee.
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